Constraints toward Sport Recreation Participation


  • Charilaos Kouthouris University of Thessaly, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science
  • Evaggelia Kontogianni University of Thessaly, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science
  • Konstantinos Alexandris Aristoteles University of Thessaloniki, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science



constraints toward participation, sport recreation activities, hierarchical constraints model


The aim of the present study was examined the study of sport recreation constraints toward participation. In particular the present review investigated, a) the leisure constraints definitions and their theories, b) constraints, constraint factors and constraints categories, c) the hierarchical model of leisure constraints (Jackson, Crawford, & Godbey, 1993), d) the relationship between leisure constraints and different demographic characteristics, e) the relationship between constraints and frequency of participation, & f) future trends and suggestions for further research in sport recreation area. The information which derives from the research of constraints in recreational sport participation must be taken into serious consideration according a) recreation policies that sport recreational organizations develop, b) different management disciplines and applications and c) the effective promotion methods and strategies in respect to potential recreation participants.


Download data is not yet available.



How to Cite

Kouthouris Χ., Kontogianni Ε., & Alexandris Κ. (2008). Constraints toward Sport Recreation Participation. Inquiries in Physical Education and Sport, 6(1), 67–78.




Most read articles by the same author(s)