The Effect of a Physical Activity Program on Improving Body Cathexis and Self-Esteem of Patients with Schizophrenia
Keywords:schizophrenia, physical activity, body cathexis, self-esteem
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of an exercise program on improving self-image and self-esteem of thirty (30) patients with schizophrenia. The sample was separated randomly in three groups of 10 individuals, that is, a control group, an exercise observation with tokens group (experiment group A) and an actual exercise with tokens group (experiment group B). Data from patients with schizophrenia collected using the Body-Cathexis Scale and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale which were selected and administered to participants prior and after the application of the exercise program. The 8 weeks duration of the exercise program was conducted combining physical activity with behavioristic treatment so as to promote exercise behavior and minimize drop out risk. The results reported that the physical activity program had positive effects in experiment group B participants compared to those of the experiment group A and control group as felling more vigorous and with higher self-esteem, leading to an improved personal care and less social limitations.