The Effect of Exercise In and Out of the Water in Adults with Chronic Low Back Pain
Keywords:chronic low back pain, exercise and low back pain, aquatic exercise, quality of life, low back pain treatment
This study aimed to investigate the effects of the exercise in and out of the water to people with chronic low back pain. Thirty participants with low back pain took part, averaging 40.7 years old, 13 males and 17 females. QUALEFFO-41 and Keele StarT Back Screening Tool were used to measure how chronic low back pain affects people. The questionnaires were given to the participants before they started exercising and after 8 weeks of exercising. The exercise of fifteen participants was swimming, while the other fifteen participants did mobility, stretching and strength training out of the water. It was necessary for the participants to exercise twice a week; otherwise, they were excluded from the study. The results were based on the comparison of the total time of exercising and the type of exercise. It was shown that after 8 weeks of exercise, both types of exercises led to a significantly improved feel of pain and a better quality of life. According to our results, we suggest that the general population should exercise both ways either into water or outside of this, to confront chronic low back pain.