Exercise as a Means for Smoking and Alcohol Cessation: New Trends in Research
Keywords:Exercise, smoking, alcohol, intervention, cessation, psychological mechanism, biochemical mechanism, health education
The aim of this paper is to explore a new theoretical and applied framework for research on smoking and alcohol cessation. The effects of important physiological and biochemical mechanisms which are acti-vated during exercise in smokers and alcoholics, as well as the effects of psychological mechanisms, such as self-control, mood, pleasure and the feelings of euphoria, are discussed. Future studies in the area should examine the effects of different exercise intensities on the psychological, physiological and bio-chemical factors contributing to smoking and alcohol cessation. Furthermore, exercise programs coupled with counseling and psychological support techniques in order to encourage exercise engagement and discourage cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption are suggested. Finally, respective health education programs for prevention and cessation of alcohol consumption and smoking, both for adolescents and adults are discussed.